Apr042017Kaamatan and the rule of the Adat (Customary laws and Traditional Practices)
1 The ADAT: Human & Divine Justice for the Kadazandusuns
The Adat is a complex mixture of indigenous peoples’ spiritual values, customs, traditions, practices and observances, developed and handed down to generations since time immemorial. It encompasses the way of life, basic values, belief system, culture, accepted code of conduct, manners and conventions according to which indigenous society is ordered, and are enforceable in the peoples’ courts of law.
Momolianism being regarded a divine set of rules of worship, behavior and mode of life, the resourceful Kadazandusuns have ingeniously fitted their religious values system into their social life and made it into laws known as Adat.
By way of the Adat system, supernatural and man-made forces are harmonized and harnessed positively by the cooperation of everyone in the community to maintain their health and wellbeing. Like an individual human being, the community possesses its own life whose health and wellbeing depends on the individual as well as collective righteous acts of its individual human components. Community life and health are adversely affected by wrongful and sinful individual and collective acts. Thus bestiality, incest, suicide, murder, vandalism and sacrilege upon holy sites or precincts by an individual or gang can make the entire community of the wrong doer weak, diseased and be cursed with natural disasters.
The Kadazandusun twin levels of Human and Divine Justice provides for the concept of justice wherein offenders of the Adats may outwit and escape human judgment and penalties, but will never escape the divine administered spiritual justice exacted upon the human souls.
2 Kaamatan and the rule of the Kadazandusun Adat
There are sections of the Adat (customary laws) and sets of Pantangs, Tagals and Pagals (traditional observances, practices and taboos) by which Kampong (village) chiefs and council of elders administered and guard the conduct of celebrating the Kaamatan Festival.
This was emphasized by the Koisaan Council of Elders resolutions on the subject matter of Kaamatan during the KDCA Kaamatan Festival Workshop (Hongkod Koisaan: September 23, 1997).
With regards to the general rules and conduct in organizing the Kaamatan Festival, the Koisaan Council of Elders viewed that the organizers and celebrants must be co-responsible in safeguarding the sanctity, dignity, integrity and decorum of the Kaamatan Festival against the following offences in the eyes of the Kadazandusun adapt Native Courts (Native customary laws) Rules 1995:
A. PART II: ASSAULT, BATTERY AND THREATENING BEHAVIOUR
Section 4:Causing hurt
Section 7:Instilling fear
B. PART III: SEXUAL OFFENCES
In respect of safeguarding the modesty of Kaamatan Unduk Ngadau contestants:
Section 21:Enticement of another person’s daughter / fiancé / wife
C. PART VI: GROSS MISBEHAVIOUR, INDECENCY AND MISCHIEF
Section 33:Indecent assault
Section 34:Indecent exposure
Section 35:Indecent intent, word, sound or gesture
Section 36:Slanderous remark or gesture
Section 37:Spreading rumour
Section 38:Disruption of functions
Section 40:Adulteration of water sources
Section 45:Throwing objects at a house (Kaamatan venues)
Section 46:Swearing and cursing
Section 52:Disturbance to customary signification of property (KaamatanFestival celebrations, such as Toguruon, gongs, jars…)
3 Kaamatan Festival related Pantangs
1. Tapai or liquor drinking competitions are not to be part of all Kaamatan festival programs;
2. Pondan (Transvertites) shows are not to be part of the Kaamatan festival programs;
3. Swim suits and hot pants are not to be part of the Kaamatan Unduk Ngadau attire during contests;
4. Mock up wedding and bersanding displays are not to be part of the Kaamatan festival programs;
5. Live paddy plants, are not to be used as part of decorative or ornamental plants for KaamatanFestival;
6. Do not force other’s to drink or eat what they dislike or are not used to;
7. Do not waste food & beverage or any other servings during Kaamatan festival;
8. Do not take seats that are not allocated to you;
9. Do not get drunk and lose control of your senses during Kaamatan festival celebrations;
10. Do not complain or shout about if the organizers food and drinks are not enough for all celebrants, but seek guidance where you can eat and drink;
11. Do not make unnecessary conversation or other forms of noises during solemn parts of the Kaamatan Festival programs such as launching ceremony, speech deliverances and Magavau;
12. Live paddy plants, especially those with ears/fruit grains ears, can be used for ceremonial aspects of Kaamatan festival such as symbolic mongomot launching, Magavau, Toguruon ensembles, but these paddies must be guarded against being wasted about and being trodden disrespectfully;
13. In the light of multi-cultural and multi-religious considerations, all food and beverage must be respectfully and clearly indicated as HALAL or NON-HALAL;
14. Programs of Kaamatan festivals should strive as much as possible to be inclusive and participative for all ages, color, creed, gender and cultural traditions;
15. Politics and politicians of political parties are not to interfere, influence or determine the course and programs of Kaamatan festivals for political gains or mileage;
16. Designated MOC approved prizes sponsorship may be solicited from willing/consenting sponsors, but public soliciting of cash donations, especially from non-Kadazandusunor non-natives, to generally finance Kaamatanfestivals should be discouraged at all levels;
17. In case of death within the venue or vicinity of the venue when the Kaamatan festival programs have already started, the First Aid and Emergency committee must attend to the emergency situation and the Kaamatan festival celebration can then proceed, except when, and if the venue is the residence of the bereaved family. For this reason, as from precedence, Kaamatan festivals are encouraged to be held in community halls, such as Balai Rayas, or temporary made public assembly halls or tents.
NB: Along with social change, development and transformation of human values, the general rules and guidelines to safeguard the sanctity and integrity of Kaamatan may be revised to be made relevant to the situation of the times, but never to sacrifice the sacredness, morality and decency of Kaamatan.
The KDCA through its Koisaan Council of Elders shall be the authority to approve changes and addition to or deletion from the current general rules and guidelines for the Kaamatan festival organization.
Jun012016SHERRY ANNE IS 2016 UNDUK NGADAU
KOTA KINABALU : KOTA KINABALU: Sherry Anne Laujang, 21, of Penampang was crowned the 2016 State-Level Unduk Ngadau yesterday amidst tough competition among the finalists.
The Kadazan lass, who is studying for a Diploma in Accountancy, was announced the winner of the beauty pageant at about 7pm yesterday.
Coming in second place was Claryssa Henry, 23, a Rungus graduate from Kudat while another Rungus student from Banggi Fenny Ester Joslin, 21, was placed third.
The other four winners were Vinny Alvionitta Sasisting from Matunggong; Christine Joan Charles from Papar; Patriciaelsa Jimy from Klang Valley; and Charmine Bartholomew from Kepayan who won the fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh places respectively.
Sherry Anne, who hails from Kampung Ramayah, aspires to become a chartered accountant, is proficient in English and Malay and spends her pastime cooking and baking.
She aspires to be successful and a role model to the younger generation. Claryssa is proficient in English, Malay and her mother tongue, Rungus. The UNIMAS marketing graduate just turned 23 last May 20 and wants to help in the preservation of Rungus culture.
Besides an avid reader, she has a passion for traditional dances and plays the guitar. Fenny is still pursuing a degree in Finance and hopes to venture into the business world.
She is also fluent in English, Malay and Rungus as well as enjoys traditional and contemporary dance. The Unduk Ngadau 2016 was crowned by last year’s Unduk Ngadau Ryannie Neils Yong.
All the finalists received their prizes from the wife of the Head of State, Toh Puan Norlidah RM Jasni, who was the guest of honour. – By Cleophas John Gordon
(Source from New Sabah Times, 1st June, 2016)
Jun0120162016 Kaamatan draws larger crowdBy: Cleophas John Gordon
By: Cleophas John Gordon
PENAMPANG: This year’s Kaamatan celebration was met with huge excitement and the Hongkod Koisaan was especially congested by people keen to take part in the festivities, especially to witness the highly popular Unduk Ngadau pageant.
This writer and one other from the New Sabah Times, had great difficulty inching their way inside the hall while the Unduk Ngadau was taking place.
Crowds cheered and wolf-whistled for their favourite contestants and many people who travelled from afar to support the contestants, came with significant number of their family and friends too.
Even outside the hall, the crowd appeared a lot bigger than last year’s state-level Kaamatan festival, despite the heavy downpour over the past two days and considerable lack of parking space.
There were also many tourists who could be seen stopping at the various stalls and booths enjoying local delicacies and lihing, a local rice wine, while joining the locals in merry-making.
Edward, from Beluran said the reason he came to the festival in spite of the bad weather was to catch up with friends from the city.
“It has been some time since I last met them so the Kaamatan festival was the best chance to do so,” he said. Another visitor, Vicky, said she travelled all the way from Kudat to show her support to the district’s Unduk Ngadau contestant.
“It’s far but I never miss a chance to visit the Hongkod Koisaan every Kaamatan,” said the 22-year-old from Marang Parang.
She is an avid follower of the Unduk Ngadau contest and always looks forward to it. Earlier in the day, Kadazandusun priestesses or Bobohizan performed the age-old ritual of magavau or thanksgiving ceremony to kick off the harvest festival celebrations.
Among the many cultural performances were the Sumazau dance from the Penampang Kadazandusun community, the Pokodinding by the Dusun Tindal and the Sayau Tatana of Kuala Penyu.
Yesterday’s festivities at the Hongkod Koisaan in Penampang marked the end of the month-long celebration. It was officially declared closed with the cutting of seven paddy stalks by Head of State Tun Juhar Mahiruddin who later beat a gong seven times.
Also present was Deputy Chief Minister Tan Sri Joseph Pairin Kitingan, who is also the Huguan Siou or paramount leader of the Kadazandusun.
Other leaders present were Minister of Energy, Green Technology Water Datuk Seri Dr Maximus Johnity Ongkili, Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Datuk Seri Madius Tangau, Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department, Tan Sri Joseph Kurup, state cabinet ministers and the 2016 Kaamatan Festival Main Implementation and Coordination Committee Chairman, Datuk Seri Clarence Bongkos Malakun, who is also the Kadazandusun Cultural Association (KDCA) Deputy President.
(Source: New Sabah Times, 1st June, 2016)
Jun012016KAAMATAN FESTIVAL ENHANCES UNITY IN SABAH, SAYS CM
PENAMPANG: The Kaamatan Festival is Sabah’s best example of a harmonious racial melting pot and should be celebrated by everyone regardless of their political affiliations.
Chief Minister, Datuk Seri Musa Haji Aman said the festival reflected the kinship, friendship, camaraderie and unity that have been prevalent in the state.
“We will always support such cultural programmes because we believe that these programmes strengthen unity and that unity has been the foundation for peace in the state. It is also an opportunity for us to know, understand and respect each other’s cultures.
“I urge everyone to appreciate the important message behind this festival as it reminds us that deep understanding, strong friendship and unity strengthen peace in Sabah which is known for being multi-racial, multi-religious and multi-cultural, making Sabah the best example of the 1Malaysia slogan,” he said in his speech at the 2016 state-level Kaamatan Festival closing ceremony at the KDCA Hongkod Koisaan here yesterday.
Musa also called on the people to always support the government for the sake of the state’s prosperity and development.
His speech was delivered by Deputy Chief Minister, Tan Sri Joseph Pairin Kitingan who is also president of the Kadazandusun Cultural Association (KDCA).
The closing ceremony for the state-level Kaamatan was officiated by Head of State, Tun Juhar Mahiruddin yesterday. More than 40,000 people turned up yesterday for the event, which was more than on Monday when an estimated 25,000 people came.
Also present were Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water, Datuk Seri Dr Maximus Ongkili, Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation, Datuk Seri Madius Tangau, Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department, Tan Sri Joseph Kurup as well as state Minister of Tourism, Culture and Environment, Datuk Seri Masidi Manjun and KDCA Deputy President, Datuk Seri Clarence Bongkos Malakun who is also the 2016 Kaamatan Festival Main Implementation and Coordination Committee chairman.
(Source: New Sabah Times, 1st June, 2016)