Kadazandusun Language
31 Dec 2004
Atagak o boros, atagak o koubasanan; Atagak o koubasanan, atagak o kointutunan; Atagak o boros, atagak o pirotian; Atagak o pirotian, atagak o puinungan, pisohudungan om pibabasan; Atagak o pibabasan, atagak o piobpinaian; Atagak o piobpinaian kopitongkiad o rikoton do rusodon. Almost half of Malaysia's indigenous languages belongs to the state of Sabah at the northern tip of Borneo Island. These Austronesian languages when identified, belong to either one of these four language families: Bajau (Sama-Bajau), Dusunic, Murutic or Paitanic. Varying in user-size of several hundreds to hundreds of thousands, the Kadazandusun language under the Dusunic language family, is a pool of 13 languages including respective dialects which can account for over 500,000 speakers in a total Sabahan population of 3.06 million (Sabah Statistics Department Year 2000). The past two decades challenged mother tongue use in the Kadazandusun community. Faced with a rapid decline in the use of the mother tongue especially amongst their young, all attempts were made to halt the erosion of indigenous knowledge bound closely to the survival of the mother tongue. With vigilance, Kadazandusun community elders and leaders swore to pave the way in reinstating the status of the mother tongue in the community. In layers of efforts, language resurgence came to, establishing stronger commitments from each individual in the Kadazandusun community. Language survey and research helped the community understand how they have neglected their mother tongue language. A language survey in 1985 (Lasimbang, Miller & Otigil, 1992), showed that the main reason for this was the lack of conversation in the mother tongue at home. The survey pointed out that intermarriage, urbanisation, language contact, formal education system, mass media and language prestige were also the major factors in deterring the use of the Kadazandusun language in the home domain. This alarmed the community a great deal and Kadazandusun parents everywhere voiced a grave concern-can this trend be reversed? Excerpt?text from KLF (http://www.klf.com.my) Please visit the Kadazandusun Language Fundation website for more details on efforts in facing these challenges, and to contribute on how you can help.
Tsunamis Hit Asia!
27 Dec 2004
TSUNAMI HIT ASIA! Do you know any Kadazandusun friends and family that fell victims of the tsunamis? Let us know. Kopisanangan KDCA KV
Bumi minorities need new grouping
26 Dec 2004
A special body needs to be set up to look after the economic welfare and interests of the Bumiputera minorities in Sabah and Sarawak from the Federal Government point of view. Making the suggestion, KadazanDusun Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI) President Datuk Dr. Makin Marcus Mojigoh said it is imperative to have such body so as to look into the low performance of both communities in the two states. "Maybe the special body can be set up under any government ministries, departments, board or agencies to care for the Bumiputera minorities since their participation in commerce and industries is very low and the number of them in entrepreneurial sector is negligible." "The situation is critical and it is necessary to have such special body that could assist them in identifying the existing problems and find ways to improve their involvement in commerce and industries sectors," he said. He added the Bumiputera minorities comprise about 10 per cent or 2.5 million of the Malaysian population, which includes among others, the KadazanDusun, Dayaks and other disadvantaged minority ethnic groups such as the indigenous community in the Peninsular. Mojigoh said this following a press conference, here, Friday, on a jointly organised occasion of 'Bumiputera Minorities Economic Congress (BMEC) by KCCI and Dayak Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DCCI), to be held at Dewan Tun Ismail, Putra World Trade Centre in Kuala Lumpur from Jan 7 - 8, next year. The congress is aimed at providing a forum for the minorities in both States to come up with constructive ideas on how they can help themselves, while at the same time supporting the Government in finding ways to create greater opportunities for the communities to take part in commerce and industries. He said the congress would be a forum for both communities to enlighten the Government of their current low level economic achievement and to enable the Government to understand, appreciate and assist both communities. In addition, it is also aimed at proactively providing actionable input to the Government by translating existing broad policies and strategies affecting the Bumiputera minorities into specific effective actions for inclusion and implementation in the Ninth Malaysia Plan. He said Prime Minister Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi has consented to grace the first ever official opening and deliver a keynote address. Sabah Chief Minister Datuk Seri Musa Aman and Sarawak counterpart Pehin Sri Abdul Taib Mahmud are also expected. "Through the congress, we hope these two chambers can become as a bridge between the Government and the Bumiputera minorities. "Also, having such special body will also help our nation achieve its Vision 2020 and Government goal to have a Business, Commerce and Industry Society (BCIS). "The Congress will be looking at a possible consideration for our people to be considered for a distribution of 25 per cent in corporate equities, Local Purchase Order (LPO), government contracts, privatisation of companies, government franchise and placing them in government-linked companies and in incubating programmes," he said. Two papers would be presented for discussion. The first is a position paper expressing the two communities' experience, entitled "Bumiputera Minorities Participation in Commerce and Industry: Progress, Opportunities and Challenges" which will be presented by two prominent speakers from the KadazanDusun and Dayak communities. The second paper entitled "National Policies, Current Status and Future Challenges in Promoting Bumiputera Minorities' Participation in Commerce and Industry" would be presented by the Economic Planning Unit of the Prime Minister' Department. Source: Daily Express Sabah, Dec 26th 2006
Senarai Persatuan Etnik di Sabah
15 Dec 2004
1 Presiden Persatuan Kedayan Sabah (KEDAYAN) Peti Surat 13778, Pejabat Pos besar 88596 Kota KinabaluTel: 088-234070/012-8025858 Faks: 088-265023(O) E-mail: kedayan@hotmail.com.my Kedayan
2 En.Attau Ossal Setiausaha Kerja Persatuan Dusun Sabah Bersatu (USDA) P.O.Box 892, 89208 Tuaran Tel:018-9899085? Faks:088- 718170 Dusun
3 Pn.Chendramata Hj.Sinteh Naib Presiden Persatuan Bajau Lot 4,Tingkat 3,Blok D, Sadong Jaya, 88100 Jalan Karamunsing,Kota Kinabalu Tel:088-262489 Faks:088-262489 Bajau
4 En.Martin Tommy Setiausaha Agung Persatuan Murut Sabah (PMS) D/a Jabatan Perikanan, P.O.Box 1189, 89200 Kota Kinabalu Tel:088- 496958 (R) H/P:019-8816059 Faks:088-211909/260808 Murut
6 En.Salisi Ukob Persatuan Bumiputra Iranun Sabah (PISBA) No.27A,Jalan Haiwan Kg.Likas, 88200 Kota Kinabalu Tel:088-380592???? Faks:088-381592 Irranun
7 En.Shem Balang Persatuan Kebudayaan Lundayeh Sabah P.O.Box 100,? 89858 Sipitang Tel:087-801018 Faks:087-801067 Lundayeh
8 En.George B.Daang En.Jooskin Toripin Persatuan Momogun Rungus Sabah (SAMORA) Peti Surat 407, 89058 Kudat Tel: 088-259672 (O) Faks:439510 Tel:088-218000(O)/612853 Rungus
9 En.Shuhaidin Langkap Persatuan Masyarakat Gaana Sabah Lot 13,Tingkat 2,Penampang Baru Penampang Tel:088-760458????????? H/P:016-8362444 Gaana
10 En.Chacho Mohama Persatuan Kebajikan Bugis Sabah D/a Osman Jamal Jabatan Tanah & Ukur Kota Kinabalu Tel:088-764967(O)/765689(R) Faks:088-237145 Bugis
11 Tuan Hj.Ismail Hj.Ahim Persatuan Tidong Sabah (PTS) D/a Tingkat 2, Bangunan Majlis Perbandaran Tawau Peti Surat 60145, 91010 Tawau Tel:089-772379 H/P:019-8430779 Faks:089-772267 Tidong
12 En.James Sigoh Pengerusi Persatuan Tobilung Bersatu Sabah Peti Surat 244, 89100 Kota Marudu Tel:088-663564 Tel:088-239500(O)???? H/P:018-9895900 Tobilung
13 En.Awang Tajudin bin Ag Abas (Setiausaha Agung) Persatuan Masyarakat Berunei Sabah (PMBS) Lot 4 Taman Yakim Jaya, Lorong Burung Ruai Km 5 Jalan Tuaran, InanamPeti Surat No.640 88858 tanjung Aru, Kota Kinabalu Tel:088-266777 (O) Faks:088-219263 Brunei
14 En.Saibun Papalan Naib Presiden Persatuan Kimaragang Bersatu Sabah Peti Surat 61 89107 Kota Marudu Tel:663789 (Rumah) Kimaragang
15 En.Sapar Sanini Setiausaha Kerja Persatuan Bisaya Bersatu Sabah (PBBS) Sabah United Bisaya Association Lot No.5.3,KKCCCI Bulding Jalan Laiman Diki, Kampung Air 88000 Kota Kinabalu Tel:088-251801????? Faks:088-251630 Bisaya
KDCA Office Bearers 2004 - 2007
14 Dec 2004
KDCA Office Bearers 2004-2007 (Elected at the KDCA Triennial General meeting on 5/12/2004 at Hongkod Koisaan, Penampang): President: YB HS Datuk Seri Panglima Joseph Pairin Datuk Kitingan Deputy President 1: YB Datuk Dr Maximus J. Ongkili Deputy President II: Datuk Dr Jeffrey G Kitingan Vice President 1: Rayner F. Udong Vice President II: Peter Marajin Vice President III: Dr Markus Takong Vice President IV: George Mijin Vice President V: Saiman Sandah Vice President VI: Evelyn Gobile Central Committtee Members: 1.YB Jornah Mozihim 2.Dr Lungkiam Dambul 3.YB Datuk Louis Rampas 4.John Paujik 5.James Baga@Bagah 6.Harry I.Beatty 7.Patrick Sindu 8.Allan Guim Dumbong 9.Augustine Saang 10.John Chryso Masabal 11.Geofrey Ekol The appointed posts have not been announced yet.
Merry Christmas & Happy New Year 2005
12 Dec 2004
Merry Christmas! Wishing all of you a joyful Christmas and a Happy Near year 2005!
KDCA is inviting you to Hongkod Koisaan on Xmas Day to celebrate this joyful occasion! Get more info here.

KDCAKV Committee 2004-2007
08 Dec 2004
Our exceptionally talented KDCAKV 2004-2007 Committee members. Please feel free to contact any of the members should you have any queries. Coordinating Committee of KDCAKV for the Year 2004 - 2007 CHAIRMAN Datuk Richard Bainon @ Raynor DEPUTY CHAIRMAN Marinus Johnny VICE CHAIRMAN Helen Paul Debbie Disimond SECRETARY Julie Jidwin ASSISTANT SECRETARY Beatrice Paul TREASURER Justin Kinsik (appointed) Members : Nora Matuya Lester Dominic Cindyrella Udar Lester Maurice Lindsay Cindy Ligadu Bonis Samid Jude Micory Lobijin Joseph Umis Anitah Apolonius Spencer Panjangou George Mani (or use: george@pos.com.my) Flora Tuominen INTERNAL AUDITOR Richard Conrod Kimbin
Not time yet: Huguan Siou
07 Dec 2004
Not time yet, says Pairin

Penampang: Datuk Seri Joseph Pairin Kitingan declared he will not abandon the presidency of the Kadazan Dusun Cultural Association (KDCA) just because certain quarters may be aspiring for the post.

He said he would only do so when he is certain that the Koisaan (fraternity) "is really up on its feet and walking with full support from the community."

(Source: Daily Express, 6th Dec 2004)

Pairin, who was returned unopposed at the 10th KDCA Triennial Delegates Conference in Hongkod Koisaan, Sunday, said he would be reading the situation from the participation of the people as well as indication that they want certain people.

"(In a way) I'm giving them a preparation towards this because a majority of them might not think about it because they support me. But there will come a time when I say I'm not ready to contest," he said when met to elaborate on his speech earlier.

At a certain stage, he said, they would be ready to allow for a new leadership to take over.

"But, I have not said that I want to relinquish. That's why I still allowed people to nominate me. When I'm ready?obviously when age catches up?I cannot be holding this post forever," he said.

Pairin said among the KDCA leaders' aims now was for the Koisaan to be institutionalised and well-oiled so that whoever takes over would inherit a machinery that functions efficiently so that people would follow.

In this respect, he said once he sees the KDCA organisation properly in place, self-sustainable and able to function independently, then he would say he no longer wishes to be nominated. The community would know then that it is the time for the delegates to identify a new leader.

In his speech, Pairin said he knows people are saying "you are already the Huguan Siou (Paramount Chief of the KDMs). So what for you still want to become President of KDCA?why not step down and just be the Huguan Siou?"

"I understand this and its not I don't want to step down. I know that I have been in the KDCA for quite a long time together with some friends who are no longer here. But when I think about it and analyse, I ask myself whether I should step down just because I was asked to or should I ask myself is it time for me to step down."

Pairin said this should not be perceived as though he wanted to hold on to the position forever. "But if I do step down because someone asked me to do so, then I think I will be running away from my responsibility", he said to thunderous applause from the 463 delegates.

What is important, he said, was that these people come forward and offer themselves, their knowledge as well as resources to assist towards empowering the community to show that they were really serious.

On whether there is a potential leader to replace him or if he was grooming anyone, he said there are potentials but he was not grooming anyone.

"The circumstances will groom them," he said.

He also urged members to follow the system of selecting leaders through nominations from the branch levels and election by delegates.

"If we do not follow the system then our organisation will be in a quandary," he said.

On whether he was satisfied with KDCA's achievements so far, he said looking back at what they have gone through since inception in 1963, he was satisfied.

"Despite the circumstances and challenges we continue to move forward. If circumstances were a bit easier we could have done better but I think I am satisfied," said Pairin who had been its President for 27 years now.

According to him, each time they come to the delegates' conference, the KDCA members and community are at a crossroads where they must stop and think for a while especially for the election.

On coming to the crossroad, all would have to come down from the big KDCA bus to set up a tent where they discuss and share experiences as well as foster greater relationship.

He said the need to discuss with each other on reaching the crossroads was vital particularly when along their journey, they see in the media calls like unity, what have KDCA done, old people should give way to young people or the Kadazandusun should be split into Kadazan and Dusun.

In this instance, Pairin said he had to remind the KDCA members about the history of the Koisaan beginning from when it was still the Kadazan Cultural Association (KCA) until it was changed into KDCA in 1986.

He was calling for all the knowledgeable and resourceful people in the community to come forward to help the KDCA move towards enriching the community live because "we all have a role to play".

He likened the KDCA not only as a bus but also aeroplane that needs everyone right to the mechanics to ensure it could move and reach its destination.

"No matter how careful the captain is, the aeroplane will not be moving if the engineer or mechanic did not play their roles to maintain it," he said. "So lets come together and work towards empowerment of the community through KDCA."

Pairin said although the KDCA had so many things that it wanted to do for the benefit of the community, it was hampered by limited resources as it is voluntary bodies that had to raise funds whenever they need to organise activities.

Among them were the Kadazandusun Education Fund that needs the assistance not only from members but also community.

However, he assured that the KDCA was moving towards the empowerment of the community and placed the Koisaan on one strong foundation.

Among them was the purchase of buildings in Kota Kinabalu and Kota Belud albeit though loans from the Sabah Credit Corporation.

He also lashed out at those who criticised that the KDCA was only functioning during the Tadau Kaamatan every May.

Apart from the foundation of the Nunuk Ragang race, skill and knowledge, he said one of the catalysts to the empowerment of the society was preservation and enhancement as well as creation of higher utilisation of their culture.

Other communities were holding steadfast to this concept so "for us whatever is good we enhance and upgrade, while those which are bad we reduce them". Pairin also hoped more would become life-time members of the KDCA.

Who is Huminodun (brief) ?
07 Dec 2004
THE LEGEND OF HUMINODUN The Unduk Ngadau of Kaamatan Beauty Queen That Kinoingan so loved the world that He sacrificed His only beloved Daughter, Ponompuan. This greatest love of all was the expression of Kinoingan's purest love for mankind. Overwhelmed, they repented, genuflected and uttered prayers of thanks to Kinoingan, Sumundu and Ponompuan whom they now call Huminodun, (the transformed Sacrifice). Huminodun's rusod (spirit) now lives in every plant. Huminodun's rusod in paddy is regarded as Sunduan in status and is fondly called Bambarayon by Bobolians to denote the highest hierarchical position of this plant in the eyes of all Kadazandusuns The Legend "Unduk Ngadau" owes its origin from that part of Kadazandusun genesis story, which pertains to sacrifice of "Huminodun" - Kinoingan's only begotten daughter. The legend went on to relate the following: A long, long time age, the staple food of Kinoingan and his people was a type of grain called "Huvong". One day, there was no huvong left to plant, nor other grains left for food. Kinoingan was so worried and felt very sorry for his people sufferings. It was said that Kinoingan sacrificed Huminodun, the only child to Kinoingan and Suminundu. She was the most beautiful maiden in her time, truly anyone who gaze at her lovely countenance would be transfixed and fall in love with her. She was also kind hearted and blessed with wisdom beyond her years. Huminodun was willing to be a sacrifice and be an offering to the great earth so that there will be seeds once agaon for planting and there will be food for the people. Kinoingan was deeply saddened, but seeing that there was nothing else he could do to dissuade her, Kinoingan went ahead and cleared the land for planting. Through his supernatural powers, he was able to clear such a large area over many hills without any difficulty. When the time came for planting, Huminodun was brought to the cleared plot. As she was leaving, one cold hear the pitiful wails of great sadness from Suminundu, her mother. It was not at all easy for Huminodun to leave her mother and likewise her mother letting her only child go. The young men who had fallen in love with Huminodun could not let her go either. Indeed, they too cried and begged her to change her mid. However, there was nothing anyone could do, Huminodun had decided that her father's people came before her. When she arrived at the cleared plot, she turned to her father and said: "Father, you will see that my body will give rise to all sorts of edible plants for the people. My flesh will give rise to rice; my head, the coconut; my bones, tapioca; my toes, ginger; my teeth, maize; my knees, yams and others parts of my body to a variety of edible plants. This way never again will our people grow hungry to the point of dying." "However," Huminodun continued, "Do follow these instructions of mine for it will guarantee us a bountiful harvest. When you have strewn parts of my body all over this clearings, do not come and see me for seven days and seven nights. When the padi has ripened, and it is time for harvest, do not start the harvest without doing this; take seven stalks of rice (padi) and tie them to one end of a spliced bamboo stick and them, plant this stick at the centre of the rice (padi) field. Only after this may you begin your harvesting activities. Later, place this bamboo stick with the seven rice (padi) stalks in the rice (padi) storage container (tangkob) when you bring it home after the harvest. For your first day harvest, do keep them in a big jar (kakanan). And, Father, do not give away your first year's harvest because the grains may become bad. You can only give away your harvest to others in the second year." (That is why to this day, the Kadazandusun people do not give away their first years harvest.) Kinoingan agreed to follow all her instructions. So it was that when Kinoingan sacrificed Huminodun, the whole world turned dark and there was awesome thunder and lightning. That year, the people had never seen such a harvest. It was plentiful. Kinoingan had done as Huminudun instructed He also kept away the first day's harvest in the kakanan and harvested the first seven stalks of rice from the rice plot. The seven stalks of rice represented Bambaazon, the spirit of the padi or rice. As for the rice in the jar, the kakanan, on the seventh day a beautiful maiden miraculously stood up out of the big jar. She was referred to as Undul Ngadau, the spirit of Huminodun. It was said that this Unduk Ngadau was the one who instructed the first Bobohizan or Kadazandusun priestess in her prayers. Therefore to this day, the Kadazandusun people have included the Unduk Ngadau Pageant as a grand part of their Kaamatan Festivals. It is a manifestation to the deep sense of respect and admiration that the Kadazandusun people have for the legendary Huminodun. It is a sacred title ascribed to Huminodun, to her absolute abedience to Kinoingam, so much so as to be a willing sacrifice for the sake of the father's creation. "Unduk Ngadau" then is commemorative term in praise of Huminodun's eternal youth and the total beauty of her heart, mind and body. The term "Unduk " or "Tunduk" literally means the shoot of a plant, which, in it most tangible description, signifies youth and progressiveness. Likewise, in its literal meaning, "Ngadau" or "Tadau" means the sun, which connotes the total beauty of the heart, mind and body of an ideal Kadazandusun woman. In essence therefore the "Unduk Ngadau" is a processual event of selecting from among the Kadazandusun beauties, one who would resemble the ascribed personality of "Huminodun".
Kadazandusun progress: What needs to be done?
06 Dec 2004

First of all, this letter is meant as a festschrift for Prof P Ramasamy's letter and an earlier news report about the Indian Malaysian community's progress. It is also a sincere opinion from a Kadazandusun, however amateurish, about the political and socio-economic conditions of the Kadazandusun. It is also timely in view of the 10th Kadazandusun Cultural Association's (KDCA) Triennial Delegate Conference.

The successful gathering of the Foochows in Sarawak recently should be taken as a valuable lesson to other communities in Malaysia. At the gathering, it was reported that almost 3,000 Foochows from Malaysia and China were present to show their sense of closeness and comradeship.

Such similar event is being conducted by the Kadazandusuns from Dec 2 to 5. But there is a stark difference between the Foochows and the Kadazandusuns: the Foochows have a long history of progress and modernity while the Kadazandusuns have been regarded as ?a defranchised, poorest of the poor rural community ... (as a result of) ... political disunity, economic backwardness, poverty and cultural disintegration'. (The Borneo Post, Sept 21).

Another difference is that the Foochows share and bring to the world's attention their phenomenal successes in various aspects of development while the Kadazandusuns show their perennial problems of political disunity and socio-economic backwardness to all.

To compare the Foochows and Kadazandusuns might be unfair but there are a lot of things that the latter can learn from the former.

Kadazandusuns should be open to voice out their concerns and not be psychologically suppressed by political leaders whose main agendas have always been ?progress and development' implemented in a narrow and rather irresponsible fashion. 

Here, I would like to propose several suggestions to improve the current political and socio-economic conditions of the Kadazandusuns.

1. The Kadazandusuns need strong leadership

The Kadazandusun must realise that in order for them to move forward, there must be a strong leadership within their community. Choosing a strong leader might be tricky (as monetary benefits and all sort of patronages can play their role) but it is not impossible for the Kadazandusuns to do so.

A kind of paradigm shift is needed here: that the Kadazandusun must not choose leaders whose aim is only to give them all sort of physical development - development must transcend beyond what the eyes can see.

The Kadazandusun must realise that development does not necessarily mean better road conditions, better ?balai raya' and better this and that. They should ask themselves about their social, spiritual and moral development?

Can the Kadazandusun leaders provide us with these spiritual and moral needs so that we can be spiritually strong and morally upright? The Kadazandusun must realise that spiritual and moral development are equally important as physical development.

The Kadazandusun must choose leaders with good spiritual and moral values that can bring various aspects of development to the community - leaders who put the people's needs as a priority and not theirs for survival.

Presently, the Kadazandusuns do not have strong leaders who can lead them (although some people like Joseph Pairin Kitingan, Maximus Ongkili, Bernard Dompok, Joseph Kurup, Jeffery Kitingan, to name a few others, are within this category of leaders).

With the exception of Joseph Pairin, Maximus Ongkili and the others, most of the Kadazandusun leaders nowadays do not have a strong political will to bring the Kadazandusun to greater heights.

The only will that they have is - in what I consider as a deliberate attempt - a will to survive politically and economically for their own benefits. In choosing for the right Huguan Siou (Paramount Leader), the Kadazandusun must consider the above factors.

The Kadazandusuns must decide - and it is to be done now - before unscrupulous Kadazandusun leaders mislead them once again.

2. Look for better ways to be strong economically

As a majority of the Kadazandusuns live in the rural areas, it is customary to associate them with rural development. As such, this issue has become the central and most common issue of development in Sabah.

While quite a lot of development can be seen taking place in the urban areas, the rural areas, unfortunately, are still facing underdevelopment. The Kadazandusun leaders must change or amend the existing policies to solve the problems of poverty and unemployment faced by the Kadazandusun and accelerate the construction of infrastructure-related development such as roads to remote areas, schools for rural children and training centres.

The challenge for the Kadazandusun leaders is therefore to bring development to rural areas and educate the rural people to maximise and make use of their potential in order to uplift their standard of living.

The Kadazandusun leaders, especially those who are state assemblymen and members of parliament, must make regular visits to their constituencies and voice out whatever problems that their constituents have complained about to either the state or federal cabinet.

In the same way, a systematic documentation of the Kadazandusun's socio-economic profile must be carried out by the relevant agencies, i.e., the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) to ensure proper development is distributed evenly among the less-developed rural areas.

As a minister in charge of rural development, it is time for Joseph Pairin to prove that he has something in his mind that is worth of implementing for the betterment of the Kadazandusuns' socio-economic condition.

3. Intellectuals' role as a watchdog to monitor progress

In every community, the role of intellectuals is vital, particularly in ensuring that elements of abuses and injustices do not take root. Kadazandusun intellectuals are everywhere - they work in corporate companies, in universities, in think-tank organisations and so on.

Kadazandusun intellectuals must come forward to address their people's problems and make suggestions to solve them. We should be thankful that in Malaysia, we have an array of intellectuals who have been risking their lives and that of their families' and at the same time shunning wealth and comfort because of their concern about the gradual decline of our society's good spiritual and moral values as a result of rapid modernisation in Malaysia.

Here, I should pay my due tribute to scholars such as Prof Jomo KS, Dr Syed Husin Ali, Prof Syed Hussien Al-Attas and other Malaysians - men, women, young and old - or their commitment in making Malaysia a better place to live.

In the same way, Kadazandusun intellectuals must come forward and speak on behalf of their community (if not through public speaking engagements, then contributing in the form of academic research is also welcome).

It is indeed saddening to see that only a few Kadazandusun intellectuals have the courage to apply their expertise to the betterment of their community's life. Some are too reluctant to contribute because of the fear of losing their wealth and position.

In one way or another, the Kadazandusuns need these intellectuals, no matter where they are right now.

4. Maintain good relations with federal leaders

The period of political isolation that Joseph Pairin had to endure when he was in the opposition has finally ended. The political situation at the federal level seems to be rosy for the Kadazandusuns, who have long been regarded as being against the federal government as a result of Dr Mahathir Mohamad-Joseph Pairin political tussle.

It is time for the Kadazandusun leaders to maintain good relations with federal leaders under the tutelage of Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi whose vision for the country is to create a civil society based upon the principles of good governance and transparency.

Kadazandusun leaders must be very careful, this time around, when trying to address constitutional matters of the people in Sabah. This must be done by taking into account similar concerns of other Malaysian communities whose constitutional rights have also been neglected.

Kadazandusun leaders must assist the federal leaders through various avenues to maintain national unity. The move by Maximus Ongkili to revive the long defunct ?Ferri Malaysia' is indeed laudable.

The Kadazandusun must reject all forms of parochial and communal politics as Malaysia also belongs to other smaller and almost unknown communities, i.e., the Orang Asli and the Dayaks whose constitutional rights must also be upheld.

5. ?Push' the Umno-led Sabah government for good governance and greater transparency

When I say ?push', I do not mean to suggest that all Kadazandusuns revolt to topple Umno. It is all right to be critical and vocal when something wrong is done by those in the corridors of power.

The Sabah state legislative assembly is controlled by Umno members and this should not make the Kadazandusun leaders feel inferior or voiceless. They can play a role as a ?shadow cabinet to ensure check and balance as well as good governance in the state cabinet.

They must also ensure that Umno's presence in Sabah is not meant to further the agenda and interests of some ultra-Malay politicians to ?Malay-nise' and ?Islam-ise' the people as feared by many quarters in Sabah.

As for those Kadazandusun leaders who have joined Umno to pursue their political struggle, they must ensure that Umno, as they claim, is a capable political party that can help the Kadazandusuns and Sabah to develop further.

Otherwise, their struggle will be misunderstood as being for personal benefit and not for the people.

6. Address the disunity issue and solve it - fast

For the Kadazandusuns to chart their future political and socio-economic direction, this issue has to be addressed urgently. Without unity and a strong spirit of togetherness, any effort to ensure the continued progress of the Kadazandusuns will remain futile.

Indeed, this disunity issue has been plaguing the Kadazandusun leaders all this while. The growing rhetorical consensus to unite the Kadazandusuns has failed to materialise or even seen as making any sound progress.

If anything, the only platform for unity for the Kadazandusuns, however superficial, is through cultural celebrations such as the Pesta Kaamatan. If the Kadazandusun leaders are really serious, they should go beyond unity in cultural terms.

The PBS (Parti Bersatu Sabah), Upko (United Pasok Kadazandusun-Murut Organisation) and PBRS (Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah) have to set aside their political differences for the long-term benefit of the Kadazandusuns.

As Huguan Siou, Joseph Pairin must act as a mediator to unite all Kadazandusun leaders regardless of their political affiliations. Bernard Dompok and Joseph Kurup should also play a role as initiators to unite the Kadazandusun.

This disunity must not be dragged on until someone decides to have a meeting to address it. Joseph Pairin, Bernard Dompok and Joseph Kurup know this and the three of them should act now.

To sum up, I wish to bring to the attention of all Kadazandusuns this quote by the famous British politician, Winston Churchill:

?Every day you may make progress. Every step may be fruitful. Yet there will stretch out before you an ever-lengthening, ever-ascending, ever-improving path. You know you will never get to the end of the journey. But this, far from discouraging, only adds to the joy and glory of the climb.'

Source: malaysiakini (http://www3.malaysiakini.com/letters/31862)

Modern Farming pays off for Kadazandusun farmers.
06 Dec 2004
KUNDASANG (NST - Nov 30th 2004) - It all began with the RM150 Suridi Juman earned while working for his brother in a vegetable farm near here in 1983.? The money was used to set up his own three-hectare cabbage farm.? His business grew from that modest start.Today, the 41-year-old Kadazandusun farmer has 20 hectares of agricultural land and stalls in Kundasang.? He supplies vegetables to Kota Kinabalu as well as the east coast districts of Lahad Datu and Tawau. His average monthly income is RM7,000.? A father of three, Suridi was recognised recently as the Young Farmer of the Year at the annual Cabbage Festival, for which he received a certificate and trophy from Sabah Chief Minister Datuk Seri Musa Aman.Another person recognised at the festival was Jamit Salim, 46, who was named Farmer of the Year.? As the eldest in the family of nine, he sacrificed a lot working his family land to help educate his siblings - seven of whom are now university graduates.? Jamit began planting vegetables in 1980 and two years later started working his family land commercially. By 1990, he was toiling on a 11-hectare plot alongside 12 workers. Recently he diversified into other farming activities using modern methods. He planted padi on a four-hectare plot and set up a 40-hectare integrated farm in Kampung Nabutan involving livestock, freshwater fish and prawns.? Another winner at the festival, which is jointly organised by the Agricultural and Food Industry Ministry, Ranau District Office and the Sabah Tourism Board, was a woman. Jeneh Sapin, 46, was named Woman Farmer of the Year.? A widow, she raised five children on her own by planting vegetables and selling cakes. Now, one child has graduated from a local university while four others are still in school. Musa, in commending the achievements of all farmers with similar success stories, said modern farming was the key to increasing their earnings.
Set Aside Political Difference for Unity
02 Dec 2004
KOTA KINABALU, Nov 4 (Bernama) -- Sabah Deputy Chief Minister Datuk Joseph Pairin Kitingan Thursday called on the Kadazandusun community to ignore political differences in the quest for greater unity, saying they should nurture understanding, co-operation and tolerance.

Pairin, who is the "Huguan Siou" (paramount leader) of the Kadazandusun community, said this would ensure that the state and country become the ideal place for the people to live and work in peace and harmony.

He said everyone had a role to play in strengthening unity and that no one should become bored with efforts to promote unity.

Pairin said many people looked up to him as the paramount leader of the Kadazandusun to help unite the community further but there were also people who questioned that role owing to political differences.

Despite the political differences, he said, there were areas where everyone could work together for the sake of the community's future.

Pairin said this was one of the challenges that had to be faced in the context of unity in the state.

He said using political differences as an excuse could undermine efforts to foster greater co-operation and integration in society.

"I believe that efforts to achieve Vision 2020 in terms of racial unity are ongoing. Similarly, in the case of Sabah, many among us want unity in the community to be stepped up," he said.

He also said that it was difficult to find a way to convince everyone on the need to achieve unity.

"Although a majority of the people accepted this fact, we still have to understand one another. Unity among the people in Sabah is good but it has yet to attain the desired level," he said.

Therefore, he said, the people should consider the matter with sincerity and work towards achieving it.

Which dialectical ethnic groups belong to Kadazandusun?
02 Dec 2004
The term "Kadazandusun" was conscientiously debated and unanimously passed at the 5th KCA Delegates Conference (November 4th & 5th, 1989), as the best alternative approach to resolve the "Kadazan" or "Dusun" identity crisis that had crippled and impeded the growth and development of the Kadazandusun multi-ethnic community socio-culturally, economically and politically ever since the Kadazanism versus Dusunism sentiment was politicized in the early 1960's. With combined self and collective confidence and determination, there is every reason for the Kadazandusuns to succeed in finally establishing a common cultural identity for a united, cooperative and progressive community. For at last (even as we are multi-ethnic), we have found a unifying sense of dignity and brotherhood in the reference to ourselves as Kadazandusuns, which means: Divinity in Humanity. The Kadazandusun Cultural Association's (KDCA) constitution, Article 6 (1) defines the Kadazandusuns as the definitive indigenous peoples of Sabah comprising the following dialectical ethnic groups:
Bonggi Lundayo Sukang
Bundu Makiang Sukang
Dumpas Malapi Sungei
Gana Mangkaak Tatana
Garo Minokok Tangara
Ida'an Murut Tidong
Kadayan Nabai Tindal
Kimaragang Paitan Tobilung
Kolobuan Pingas Tolinting
Kuijau Rumanau Tombonuo
Lingkabau Rungus Tuhawon
Liwan Sinobu Tutung
Lobu Sinorupu Bisaya
Lotud Sonsogon ?
and persons whose mother tongue is any of the above dialect and who habitually practices and expresses the traditions, custom and other cultural manifestations of the same.